Contents

Publications

To support open science we endeavor to make preprints, code, and data publicly available as much as possible. PDF links lead to self-archived pre/postprints and associated copyright information (if applicable), and DOI links lead to publisher archives.

Journal Articles

  1. Barrett, R., and Ning, A., “Integrated Free-Form Method for Aerostructural Optimization of Wind Turbine Blades,” Wind Energy, Apr. 2018. doi:10.1002/we.2186 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Barrett2017,
      author = {Barrett, Ryan and Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.1002/we.2186},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = apr,
      title = {Integrated Free-Form Method for Aerostructural Optimization of Wind Turbine Blades},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  2. Martin, R. A., Gates, N. S., Ning, A., and Hedengren, J. D., “Dynamic Optimization of HALE UAV Trajectories Under Station Keeping Constraints,” Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Apr. 2018, (in review). [BibTeX]
    @article{Martin2018,
      author = {Martin, R. Abraham and Gates, Nathaniel S. and Ning, Andrew and Hedengren, John D.},
      journal = {Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics},
      month = apr,
      note = {(in review)},
      title = {Dynamic Optimization of HALE UAV Trajectories Under Station Keeping Constraints},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  3. Padrón, A. S., Thomas, J., Stanley, A. P. J., Alonso, J. J., and Ning, A., “Polynomial Chaos to Efficiently Compute the Annual Energy Production in Wind Farm Layout Optimization,” Wind Energy Science, Jan. 2018, (in review). doi:10.5194/wes-2017-56 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Padron2018,
      author = {Padr\'{o}n, A. Santiago and Thomas, Jared and Stanley, Andrew P. J. and Alonso, Juan J. and Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.5194/wes-2017-56},
      journal = {Wind Energy Science},
      month = jan,
      note = {(in review)},
      title = {Polynomial Chaos to Efficiently Compute the Annual Energy Production in Wind Farm Layout Optimization},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  4. Tingey, E., and Ning, A., “Trading off Sound Pressure Level and Average Power Production for Wind Farm Layout Optimization,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 114, No. B, pp. 547–555, Dec. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2017.07.057 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Tingey2017,
      author = {Tingey, Eric and Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.1016/j.renene.2017.07.057},
      journal = {Renewable Energy},
      month = dec,
      number = {B},
      pages = {547-555},
      title = {Trading off Sound Pressure Level and Average Power Production for Wind Farm Layout Optimization},
      volume = {114},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  5. Ingersoll, B., and Ning, A., “Robust UAV Path-Planning through Congested Airways,” International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles, Nov. 2017, (in review). [BibTeX]
    @article{Ingersoll2017,
      author = {Ingersoll, Bryce and Ning, Andrew},
      journal = {International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles},
      month = nov,
      note = {(in review)},
      title = {Robust UAV Path-Planning through Congested Airways},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  6. Thomas, J., Gebraad, P., and Ning, A., “Improving the FLORIS Wind Plant Model for Compatibility with Gradient-Based Optimization,” Wind Engineering, Vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 313–329, Aug. 2017. doi:10.1177/0309524X17722000 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Thomas2017,
      author = {Thomas, Jared and Gebraad, Pieter and Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.1177/0309524X17722000},
      journal = {Wind Engineering},
      month = aug,
      number = {5},
      pages = {313-329},
      title = {Improving the {FLORIS} Wind Plant Model for Compatibility with Gradient-Based Optimization},
      volume = {41},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  7. Stanley, A. P. J., Ning, A., and Dykes, K., “Optimization of Turbine Design in Wind Farms with Multiple Hub Heights, Using Exact Analytic Gradients and Structural Constraints,” Wind Energy, Aug. 2017, (in review). [BibTeX]
    @article{Stanley2017c,
      author = {Stanley, Andrew PJ and Ning, Andrew and Dykes, Katherine},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = aug,
      note = {(in review)},
      title = {Optimization of Turbine Design in Wind Farms with Multiple Hub Heights, Using Exact Analytic Gradients and Structural Constraints},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  8. Tingey, E., and Ning, A., “Development of a Parameterized Reduced-Order Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Wake Model,” Jul. 2017, (in review). [BibTeX]
    @article{Tingey2017a,
      author = {Tingey, Eric and Ning, Andrew},
      month = jul,
      note = {(in review)},
      title = {Development of a Parameterized Reduced-Order Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Wake Model},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  9. Damiani, R., Ning, A., Maples, B., Smith, A., and Dykes, K., “Scenario Analysis for Techno-Economic Model Development of U.S. Offshore Wind Support Structures,” Wind Energy, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 731–747, Apr. 2017. doi:10.1002/we.2021 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Damiani2016,
      author = {Damiani, Rick and Ning, Andrew and Maples, Ben and Smith, Aaron and Dykes, Katherine},
      doi = {10.1002/we.2021},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = apr,
      number = {4},
      pages = {731--747},
      title = {Scenario Analysis for Techno-Economic Model Development of U.S. Offshore Wind Support Structures},
      volume = {20},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  10. Gebraad, P., Thomas, J. J., Ning, A., Fleming, P., and Dykes, K., “Maximization of the Annual Energy Production of Wind Power Plants by Optimization of Layout and Yaw-Based Wake Control,” Wind Energy, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 97–107, Jan. 2017. doi:10.1002/we.1993 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Gebraad2017,
      author = {Gebraad, Pieter and Thomas, Jared J. and Ning, Andrew and Fleming, Paul and Dykes, Katherine},
      doi = {10.1002/we.1993},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = jan,
      number = {1},
      pages = {97--107},
      title = {Maximization of the Annual Energy Production of Wind Power Plants by Optimization of Layout and Yaw-Based Wake Control},
      volume = {20},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  11. Ning, A., “Actuator Cylinder Theory for Multiple Vertical Axis Wind Turbines,” Wind Energy Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 327–340, Dec. 2016. doi:10.5194/wes-1-327-2016 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code] [Data]
    @article{Ning2016,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.5194/wes-1-327-2016},
      journal = {Wind Energy Science},
      month = dec,
      number = {2},
      pages = {327--340},
      title = {Actuator Cylinder Theory for Multiple Vertical Axis Wind Turbines},
      volume = {1},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  12. Ning, A., and Petch, D., “Integrated Design of Downwind Land-Based Wind Turbines Using Analytic Gradients,” Wind Energy, Vol. 19, No. 12, pp. 2137–2152, Dec. 2016. doi:10.1002/we.1972 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Ning2016a,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Petch, Derek},
      doi = {10.1002/we.1972},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = dec,
      number = {12},
      pages = {2137--2152},
      title = {Integrated Design of Downwind Land-Based Wind Turbines Using Analytic Gradients},
      volume = {19},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  13. Barrett, R., and Ning, A., “Comparison of Airfoil Precomputational Analysis Methods for Optimization of Wind Turbine Blades,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 1081–1088, Jul. 2016. doi:10.1109/TSTE.2016.2522381 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code] [Data]
    @article{Barrett2016,
      author = {Barrett, Ryan and Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.1109/TSTE.2016.2522381},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy},
      month = jul,
      number = {3},
      pages = {1081--1088},
      title = {Comparison of Airfoil Precomputational Analysis Methods for Optimization of Wind Turbine Blades},
      volume = {7},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  14. Fleming, P., Ning, A., Gebraad, P., and Dykes, K., “Wind Plant System Engineering through Optimization of Layout and Yaw Control,” Wind Energy, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 329–344, Feb. 2016. doi:10.1002/we.1836 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Fleming2016,
      author = {Fleming, Paul and Ning, Andrew and Gebraad, Pieter and Dykes, Katherine},
      doi = {10.1002/we.1836},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = feb,
      number = {2},
      pages = {329--344},
      title = {Wind Plant System Engineering through Optimization of Layout and Yaw Control},
      volume = {19},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  15. Ning, A., Damiani, R., and Moriarty, P., “Objectives and Constraints for Wind Turbine Optimization,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Vol. 136, No. 4, p. 041010, Nov. 2014. doi:10.1115/1.4027693 [BibTeX] [DOI] [Code]
    @article{Ning2014,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Damiani, Rick and Moriarty, Patrick},
      doi = {10.1115/1.4027693},
      journal = {Journal of Solar Energy Engineering},
      month = nov,
      number = {4},
      pages = {041010},
      title = {Objectives and Constraints for Wind Turbine Optimization},
      volume = {136},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  16. Ning, A., “A Simple Solution Method for the Blade Element Momentum Equations with Guaranteed Convergence,” Wind Energy, Vol. 17, No. 9, pp. 1327–1345, Sep. 2014. doi:10.1002/we.1636 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @article{Ning2014b,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      doi = {10.1002/we.1636},
      journal = {Wind Energy},
      month = sep,
      number = {9},
      pages = {1327--1345},
      title = {A Simple Solution Method for the Blade Element Momentum Equations with Guaranteed Convergence},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/we.1636},
      volume = {17},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  17. Ning, A., Kroo, I., Aftosmis, M. J., Nemec, M., and Kless, J. E., “Extended Formation Flight at Transonic Speeds,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 51, No. 5, pp. 1501–1510, Sep. 2014. doi:10.2514/1.C032385 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @article{Ning2014a,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Kroo, Ilan and Aftosmis, Michael J. and Nemec, Marian and Kless, James E.},
      doi = {10.2514/1.C032385},
      journal = {Journal of Aircraft},
      month = sep,
      number = {5},
      pages = {1501-1510},
      title = {Extended Formation Flight at Transonic Speeds},
      volume = {51},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  18. Xu, J., Ning, A., Bower, G., and Kroo, I., “Aircraft Route Optimization for Formation Flight,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 490–501, Mar. 2014. doi:10.2514/1.C032154 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @article{Xu2014a,
      author = {Xu, Jia and Ning, Andrew and Bower, Geoff and Kroo, Ilan},
      doi = {10.2514/1.C032154},
      journal = {Journal of Aircraft},
      month = mar,
      number = {2},
      pages = {490-501},
      title = {Aircraft Route Optimization for Formation Flight},
      volume = {51},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  19. Kless, J., Aftosmis, M., Ning, A., and Nemec, M., “Inviscid Analysis of Extended Formation Flight,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 51, No. 7, pp. 1703–1715, Jul. 2013. doi:10.2514/1.j052224 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @article{Kless2013a,
      author = {Kless, James and Aftosmis, Michael and Ning, Andrew and Nemec, Marian},
      doi = {10.2514/1.j052224},
      journal = {{AIAA} Journal},
      month = jul,
      number = {7},
      pages = {1703--1715},
      title = {Inviscid Analysis of Extended Formation Flight},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.j052224},
      volume = {51},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
  20. Ning, A., Flanzer, T., and Kroo, I., “Aerodynamic Performance of Extended Formation Flight,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 855–865, May 2011. doi:10.2514/1.C031046 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @article{Ning2011,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Flanzer, Tristan and Kroo, Ilan},
      doi = {10.2514/1.C031046},
      journal = {Journal of Aircraft},
      month = may,
      number = {3},
      pages = {855-865},
      title = {Aerodynamic Performance of Extended Formation Flight},
      volume = {48},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
  21. Ning, A., and Kroo, I., “Multidisciplinary Considerations in the Design of Wings and Wing Tip Devices,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 534–543, Mar. 2010. doi:10.2514/1.41833 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @article{Ning2010,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Kroo, Ilan},
      doi = {10.2514/1.41833},
      journal = {Journal of Aircraft},
      month = mar,
      number = {2},
      pages = {534--543},
      title = {Multidisciplinary Considerations in the Design of Wings and Wing Tip Devices},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.41833},
      volume = {47},
      year = {2010}
    }
    

Conference Publications

  1. Thomas, J. J., and Ning, A., “A method for reducing multi-modality in the wind farm layout optimization problem,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Milano, Italy, The Science of Making Torque from Wind, Jun. 2018. [BibTeX]
    @inproceedings{Thomas2018,
      address = {Milano, Italy},
      author = {Thomas, Jared J. and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {Journal of Physics: Conference Series},
      month = jun,
      organization = {The Science of Making Torque from Wind},
      title = {A method for reducing multi-modality in the wind farm layout optimization problem},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  2. Rajnarayan, D., Ning, A., and Mehr, J., “Universal Airfoil Parametrization Using B-Splines,” AIAA Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Atlanta, GA, Jun. 2018. [BibTeX]
    @inproceedings{Rajnarayan2018,
      address = {Atlanta, GA},
      author = {Rajnarayan, Dev and Ning, Andrew and Mehr, Judd},
      booktitle = {{AIAA} Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference},
      month = jun,
      title = {Universal Airfoil Parametrization Using B-Splines},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  3. Alvarez, E. J., and Ning, A., “Development of a Vortex Particle Code for the Modeling of Wake Interaction in Distributed Propulsion,” AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Atlanta, GA, Jun. 2018. [BibTeX]
    @inproceedings{Alvarez2018,
      address = {Atlanta, GA},
      author = {Alvarez, Eduardo J. and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {{AIAA} Applied Aerodynamics Conference},
      month = jun,
      title = {Development of a Vortex Particle Code for the Modeling of Wake Interaction in Distributed Propulsion},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  4. McDonnell, T., Mehr, J., and Ning, A., “Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Flexible Solar-Regenerative High-Altitude Long-Endurance Aircraft,” AIAA Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Kissimmee, FL, Jan. 2018. doi:10.2514/6.2018-0107 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{McDonnell2018,
      address = {Kissimmee, FL},
      author = {McDonnell, Taylor and Mehr, Judd and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {{AIAA} Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2018-0107},
      month = jan,
      title = {Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Flexible Solar-Regenerative High-Altitude Long-Endurance Aircraft},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  5. Moore, K. R., and Ning, A., “Distributed Electric Propulsion Effects on Traditional Aircraft Through Multidisciplinary Optimization,” AIAA Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Kissimmee, FL, Jan. 2018. doi:10.2514/6.2018-1652 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Moore2018,
      address = {Kissimmee, FL},
      author = {Moore, Kevin R. and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {{AIAA} Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2018-1652},
      month = jan,
      title = {Distributed Electric Propulsion Effects on Traditional Aircraft Through Multidisciplinary Optimization},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  6. Stanley, A. P. J., Ning, A., and Dykes, K., “Benefits of Two Turbine Rotor Diameters and Hub Heights in the Same Wind Farm,” Wind Energy Symposium, Kissimmee, FL, Jan. 2018. doi:10.2514/6.2018-2016 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Stanley2018,
      address = {Kissimmee, FL},
      author = {Stanley, Andrew PJ and Ning, Andrew and Dykes, Katherine},
      booktitle = {Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2018-2016},
      month = jan,
      title = {Benefits of Two Turbine Rotor Diameters and Hub Heights in the Same Wind Farm},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  7. Hwang, J. T., and Ning, A., “Large-Scale Multidisciplinary Optimization of an Electric Aircraft for On-Demand Mobility,” AIAA Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Kissimmee, FL, Jan. 2018. doi:10.2514/6.2018-1384 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Hwang2018,
      address = {Kissimmee, FL},
      author = {Hwang, John T. and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {{AIAA} Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2018-1384},
      month = jan,
      title = {Large-Scale Multidisciplinary Optimization of an Electric Aircraft for On-Demand Mobility},
      year = {2018}
    }
    
  8. Quick, J., Annoni, J., King, R., Dykes, K., Fleming, P., and Ning, A., “Optimization under Uncertainty for Wake Steering Strategies,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 854, No. 012036, Wake Conference, May 2017. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/854/1/012036 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Quick2017,
      author = {Quick, Julian and Annoni, Jennifer and King, Ryan and Dykes, Katherine and Fleming, Paul and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {Journal of Physics: Conference Series},
      doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/854/1/012036},
      month = may,
      number = {012036},
      organization = {Wake Conference},
      title = {Optimization under Uncertainty for Wake Steering Strategies},
      volume = {854},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  9. Stanley, A. P. J., Thomas, J., Ning, A., Annoni, J., Dykes, K., and Fleming, P., “Gradient-Based Optimization of Wind Farms with Different Turbine Heights,” Wind Energy Symposium, Grapevine, TX, AIAA, Jan. 2017. doi:10.2514/6.2017-1619 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Stanley2017b,
      address = {Grapevine, TX},
      author = {Stanley, Andrew P.J. and Thomas, Jared and Ning, Andrew and Annoni, Jennifer and Dykes, Katherine and Fleming, Paul},
      booktitle = {Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2017-1619},
      month = jan,
      publisher = {AIAA},
      title = {Gradient-Based Optimization of Wind Farms with Different Turbine Heights},
      year = {2017}
    }
    
  10. Padrón, S., Stanley, A. P. J., Thomas, J., Alonso, J. J., and Ning, A., “Polynomial Chaos for the Computation of Annual Energy Production in Wind Farm Layout Optimization,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 753, No. 032021, The Science of Making Torque from Wind, Oct. 2016. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/753/3/032021 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Padron2016,
      author = {Padr\'{o}n, Santiago and Stanley, Andrew P.J. and Thomas, Jared and Alonso, Juan J. and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {Journal of Physics: Conference Series},
      doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/753/3/032021},
      month = oct,
      number = {032021},
      organization = {The Science of Making Torque from Wind},
      title = {Polynomial Chaos for the Computation of Annual Energy Production in Wind Farm Layout Optimization},
      volume = {753},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  11. Ingersoll, B., Ingersoll, K., DeFranco, P., and Ning, A., “UAV Path-Planning Using Bézier Curves and a Receding Horizon Approach,” AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, Washington, DC, Jun. 2016. doi:10.2514/6.2016-3675 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code]
    @inproceedings{Ingersoll2016,
      address = {Washington, DC},
      author = {Ingersoll, Bryce and Ingersoll, Kyle and DeFranco, Patrick and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2016-3675},
      month = jun,
      title = {{UAV} Path-Planning Using B\'{e}zier Curves and a Receding Horizon Approach},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  12. Moore, K., and Ning, A., “Aerodynamic Performance Characterization of Leading Edge Protrusions on Small Propellers,” AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, San Diego, CA, Jan. 2016. doi:10.2514/6.2016-1786 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Data]
    @inproceedings{Moore2016,
      address = {San Diego, CA},
      author = {Moore, Kevin and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2016-1786},
      month = jan,
      title = {Aerodynamic Performance Characterization of Leading Edge Protrusions on Small Propellers},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  13. Tingey, E., and Ning, A., “Parameterized Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Wake Model Using CFD Vorticity Data,” ASME Wind Energy Symposium, San Diego, CA, Jan. 2016. doi:10.2514/6.2016-1730 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF] [Code] [Data]
    @inproceedings{Tingey2016,
      address = {San Diego, CA},
      author = {Tingey, Eric and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {ASME Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2016-1730},
      month = jan,
      title = {Parameterized Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Wake Model Using {CFD} Vorticity Data},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  14. Duffield, M., Ning, A., and McLain, T., “Optimization-Based Path Planning for Separation Assurance on Small Unmanned Aircraft,” AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, San Diego, CA, Jan. 2016. doi:10.2514/6.2016-2194 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Duffield2016,
      address = {San Diego, CA},
      author = {Duffield, Matthew and Ning, Andrew and McLain, Timothy},
      booktitle = {AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2016-2194},
      month = jan,
      title = {Optimization-Based Path Planning for Separation Assurance on Small Unmanned Aircraft},
      year = {2016}
    }
    
  15. Barrett, R., Freeman, I., and Ning, A., “Effect of Airfoil and Composite Layer Thicknesses on an Aerostructural Blade Optimization for Wind Turbines,” IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, Ogden, UT, Jul. 2015. doi:10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314346 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Barrett2015,
      address = {Ogden, UT},
      author = {Barrett, Ryan and Freeman, Ian and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability},
      doi = {10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314346},
      month = jul,
      title = {Effect of Airfoil and Composite Layer Thicknesses on an Aerostructural Blade Optimization for Wind Turbines},
      year = {2015}
    }
    
  16. Tingey, E., Thomas, J., and Ning, A., “Wind Farm Layout Optimization Using Sound Pressure Level Constraints,” IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, Ogden, UT, Jul. 2015. doi:10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314339 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Tingey2015,
      address = {Ogden, UT},
      author = {Tingey, Eric and Thomas, Jared and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability},
      doi = {10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314339},
      month = jul,
      title = {Wind Farm Layout Optimization Using Sound Pressure Level Constraints},
      year = {2015}
    }
    
  17. Thomas, J., Tingey, E., and Ning, A., “Comparison of Two Wake Models for Use in Gradient-Based Wind Farm Layout Optimization,” IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, Ogden, UT, Jul. 2015. doi:10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314347 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Thomas2015,
      address = {Ogden, UT},
      author = {Thomas, Jared and Tingey, Eric and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability},
      doi = {10.1109/SusTech.2015.7314347},
      month = jul,
      title = {Comparison of Two Wake Models for Use in Gradient-Based Wind Farm Layout Optimization},
      year = {2015}
    }
    
  18. Ning, A., Hayman, G., Damiani, R., and Jonkman, J., “Development and Validation of a New Blade Element Momentum Skewed-Wake Model within AeroDyn,” 33rd ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Kissimmee, FL, Jan. 2015. doi:10.2514/6.2015-0215 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2015,
      address = {Kissimmee, FL},
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Hayman, Greg and Damiani, Rick and Jonkman, Jason},
      booktitle = {33rd ASME Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2015-0215},
      month = jan,
      title = {Development and Validation of a New Blade Element Momentum Skewed-Wake Model within {AeroDyn}},
      year = {2015}
    }
    
  19. Ning, A., and Dykes, K., “Understanding the Benefits and Limitations of Increasing Maximum Rotor Tip Speed for Utility-Scale Wind Turbines,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 524, No. 012087, The Science of Making Torque from Wind, Jun. 2014. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/524/1/012087 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2014c,
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Dykes, Katherine},
      booktitle = {Journal of Physics: Conference Series},
      doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/524/1/012087},
      month = jun,
      number = {012087},
      organization = {The Science of Making Torque from Wind},
      title = {Understanding the Benefits and Limitations of Increasing Maximum Rotor Tip Speed for Utility-Scale Wind Turbines},
      volume = {524},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  20. Gray, J., Hearn, T., Moore, K., Hwang, J., Martins, J., and Ning, A., “Automatic Evaluation of Multidisciplinary Derivatives Using a Graph-Based Problem Formulation in OpenMDAO,” 15th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference, Atlanta, GA, Jun. 2014. doi:10.2514/6.2014-2042 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Gray2014,
      address = {Atlanta, GA},
      author = {Gray, Justin and Hearn, Tristan and Moore, Kenneth and Hwang, John and Martins, Joaquim and Ning, Andrew},
      booktitle = {15th {AIAA/ISSMO} Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2014-2042},
      month = jun,
      title = {Automatic Evaluation of Multidisciplinary Derivatives Using a Graph-Based Problem Formulation in {OpenMDAO}},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  21. Dykes, K., Ning, A., King, R., Graf, P., Scott, G., and Veers, P., “Sensitivity Analysis of Wind Plant Performance to Key Turbine Design Parameters: A Systems Engineering Approach,” 32nd ASME Wind Energy Symposium, National Harbor, Maryland, Jan. 2014. doi:10.2514/6.2014-1087 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Dykes2014,
      address = {National Harbor, Maryland},
      author = {Dykes, Katherine and Ning, Andrew and King, Ryan and Graf, Peter and Scott, George and Veers, Paul},
      booktitle = {32nd {ASME} Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2014-1087},
      month = jan,
      title = {Sensitivity Analysis of Wind Plant Performance to Key Turbine Design Parameters: A Systems Engineering Approach},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2014-1087},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  22. Ning, A., Damiani, R., and Moriarty, P., “Objectives and Constraints for Wind Turbine Optimization,” 31st ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Grapevine, TX, Feb. 2013. doi:10.2514/6.2013-201 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2013,
      address = {Grapevine, TX},
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Damiani, Rick and Moriarty, Patrick},
      booktitle = {31st ASME Wind Energy Symposium},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2013-201},
      month = feb,
      read = {1},
      title = {Objectives and Constraints for Wind Turbine Optimization},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
  23. Kless, J., Aftomis, M., Ning, A., and Nemec, M., “Inviscid Analysis of Extended Formation Flight,” 7th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, Big Island, Hawaii, Jul. 2012. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Kless2012,
      address = {Big Island, Hawaii},
      author = {Kless, James and Aftomis, Mike and Ning, Andrew and Nemec, Marian},
      booktitle = {7th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics},
      month = jul,
      title = {Inviscid Analysis of Extended Formation Flight},
      url = {http://www.iccfd.org/iccfd7/assets/pdf/papers/ICCFD7-4306_paper.pdf},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
  24. Xu, J., Ning, A., Bower, G., and Kroo, I., “Aircraft Route Optimization for Heterogeneous Formation Flight,” 53rd AIAA Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, Apr. 2012. doi:10.2514/6.2012-1524 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Xu2012,
      address = {Honolulu, Hawaii},
      author = {Xu, Jia and Ning, Andrew and Bower, Geoffery and Kroo, Ilan},
      booktitle = {53rd {AIAA} Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2012-1524},
      month = apr,
      title = {Aircraft Route Optimization for Heterogeneous Formation Flight},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-1524},
      year = {2012}
    }
    
  25. Ning, A., and Kroo, I., “Compressibility Effects of Extended Formation Flight,” 29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, Jun. 2011. doi:10.2514/6.2011-3812 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2011a,
      address = {Honolulu, Hawaii},
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Kroo, Ilan},
      booktitle = {29th {AIAA} Applied Aerodynamics Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2011-3812},
      month = jun,
      title = {Compressibility Effects of Extended Formation Flight},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2011-3812},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
  26. Ning, A., Flanzer, T., and Kroo, I., “Aerodynamic Performance of Extended Formation Flight,” 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Orlando, Florida, Jan. 2010. doi:10.2514/6.2010-1240 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2010a,
      address = {Orlando, Florida},
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Flanzer, Tristan and Kroo, Ilan},
      booktitle = {48th {AIAA} Aerospace Sciences Meeting},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2010-1240},
      month = jan,
      title = {Aerodynamic Performance of Extended Formation Flight},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2010-1240},
      year = {2010}
    }
    
  27. Ning, A., and Kroo, I., “Tip Extensions, Winglets, and C-Wings: Conceptual Design and Optimization,” 26th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, Aug. 2008. doi:10.2514/6.2008-7052 [BibTeX] [DOI] [PDF]
    @inproceedings{Ning2008,
      address = {Honolulu, Hawaii},
      author = {Ning, Andrew and Kroo, Ilan},
      booktitle = {26th {AIAA} Applied Aerodynamics Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2008-7052},
      month = aug,
      title = {Tip Extensions, Winglets, and C-Wings: Conceptual Design and Optimization},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2008-7052},
      year = {2008}
    }
    
  28. Chipman, D., Ning, A., and Allred, D., “Intermediate Martian Atmospheric Study and Demonstrator,” SpaceOps 2006 Conference, Rome, Italy, Jun. 2006. doi:10.2514/6.2006-5942 [BibTeX] [DOI]
    @inproceedings{Chipman2006,
      address = {Rome, Italy},
      author = {Chipman, Donovan and Ning, Andrew and Allred, David},
      booktitle = {{SpaceOps} 2006 Conference},
      doi = {10.2514/6.2006-5942},
      month = jun,
      title = {Intermediate Martian Atmospheric Study and Demonstrator},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2006-5942},
      year = {2006}
    }
    

Other Publications

  1. Dykes, K., Platt, A., Guo, Y., Ning, A., King, R., Parsons, T., Petch, D., Veers, P., and Resor, B., Effect of Tip-Speed Constraints on the Optimized Design of a Wind Turbine, Golden, CO, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oct. 2014. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @techreport{Dykes2014a,
      address = {Golden, CO},
      author = {Dykes, Katherine and Platt, Andy and Guo, Yi and Ning, Andrew and King, Ryan and Parsons, Taylor and Petch, Derek and Veers, Paul and Resor, Brian},
      institution = {National Renewable Energy Laboratory},
      month = oct,
      number = {{NREL/TP}-5000-61726},
      title = {Effect of Tip-Speed Constraints on the Optimized Design of a Wind Turbine},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  2. Dykes, K., Ning, A., King, R., Graf, P., Scott, G., and Veers, P., Sensitivity Analysis of Wind Plant Performance to Key Turbine Design Parameters: A Systems Engineering Approach, Golden, CO, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Feb. 2014. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @techreport{Dykes2014b,
      address = {Golden, CO},
      author = {Dykes, K. and Ning, A. and King, R. and Graf, P. and Scott, G. and Veers, P.},
      institution = {National Renewable Energy Laboratory},
      month = feb,
      number = {{NREL/CP}-5000-60920},
      read = {1},
      title = {Sensitivity Analysis of Wind Plant Performance to Key Turbine Design Parameters: A Systems Engineering Approach},
      year = {2014}
    }
    
  3. Ning, A., AirfoilPrep.py Documentation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sep. 2013. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @techreport{Ning2013a,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      institution = {National Renewable Energy Laboratory},
      month = sep,
      number = {{TP}-5000-58817},
      title = {{AirfoilPrep.py} Documentation},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
  4. Ning, A., pBEAM Documentation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sep. 2013. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @techreport{Ning2013b,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      institution = {National Renewable Energy Laboratory},
      month = sep,
      number = {{TP}-5000-58818},
      title = {{pBEAM} Documentation},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
  5. Ning, A., CCBlade Documentation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sep. 2013. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @techreport{Ning2013c,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      institution = {National Renewable Energy Laboratory},
      month = sep,
      number = {{TP}-5000-58819},
      title = {{CCBlade} Documentation},
      year = {2013}
    }
    
  6. Ning, A., “Aircraft Drag Reduction through Extended Formation Flight,” PhD thesis, Stanford University, 2011. [BibTeX] [PDF]
    @phdthesis{Ning2011b,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      month = aug,
      school = {Stanford University},
      title = {Aircraft Drag Reduction through Extended Formation Flight},
      year = {2011}
    }
    
  7. Ning, A., “Creation of an Intermediate Environment and Utilizing Switchable Microwave Absorbent Material to Aid in Performing Work on Mars,” Undergraduate Honors Thesis, Brigham Young University, 2006. [BibTeX]
    @mastersthesis{Ning2006,
      author = {Ning, Andrew},
      month = aug,
      school = {Brigham Young University},
      title = {Creation of an Intermediate Environment and Utilizing Switchable Microwave Absorbent Material to Aid in Performing Work on Mars},
      type = {Undergraduate Honors Thesis},
      year = {2006}
    }